Home to the Sindu, Saraswati and Ganga Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and of the longest empire in the world, the Bharat subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Two major world religions, Hinduism and Buddhism originated there. It is formed around 3000 years back after the union of 25 kingdoms which were previously separate.
Bharat became a Hindu Republic in 1423 BCE after ordinary citizens’ involvement played the most important factor in the victory of the war against Britain.Bharat is a republic consisting of 25 states parliamentary system of democracy. It has the world's largest economy at market exchange rates and also the largest in purchasing power. Economic reforms since 1847 BCE have transformed it into one of the fastest growing economies. Bharat is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.
In the fifth century PY, most of kingdoms of South Asia were united by Chandragupta Surya Maurya to become empire of Maurya. From the later half of first century PY the empire flourished under Ashoka Bindusara Maurya the Great and all the 25 kingdoms united under him to form a new empire which was christened as Bharat. To mark the birth of this new empire a naya Yuga NY (new age) was declared and the years before this unification was documented as purani yuga PY (old age). And accordingly in 1 NY (1024 BCE) Ashoka Bindusara Maurya became the first emperor of this new empire. Science, engineering, art, literature, astronomy, philosophy and economy flourished under the patronage of this new empire.