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--><span class="style1">Bharat, officially the Hindu Empire of Bharat is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Hindu Maha Sagar (Hindu Ocean) on the south,</span> the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, Bharat is bordered by [[Persia]] and [[Uzbekistan]] to the west, [[Tibet]] to the north; and [[China]] , [[Vietnam]] and [[Kambuja]] to the east. Bharat is in the vicinity of [[Arabia]] and [[Sri Chola|Brahmaloka]] . It is a member of [[Hindustan Union|Hindustan Sangha]].
  +
{| class="infobox geography vcard" style="font-size: 11px; color: black; background-color: rgb(249, 249, 249); border-top-width: 1px; border-right-width: 1px; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-right-style: solid; border-bottom-style: solid; border-left-style: solid; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); border-right-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); border-left-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); margin-top: 0.5em; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0.5em; margin-left: 1em; padding-top: 0.2em; padding-right: 0.2em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.2em; clear: right; text-align: left; border-collapse: collapse; line-height: 1.2em; width: 200px; "
  +
|- class="adr"
  +
! align="center" class="mergedtoprow fn org country-name" colspan="3" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.25em; padding-right: 0.33em; padding-bottom: 0.33em; padding-left: 0.33em; line-height: 1.2em; font-size: 1.25em; "|
  +
Hindu Empire of Bharat
  +
  +
''Bhārat Hindu Samrajya''
  +
|- class="mergedtoprow"
  +
| class="maptable" colspan="2" style="border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; padding-top: 0.5em; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0.5em; padding-left: 0px; text-align: left; vertical-align: top; width: 150px; "|[[File:Bharat_Flag.jpg|thumb|150px|Bharat Flag]]
  +
| class="maptable" style="border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; padding-top: 0.5em; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0.5em; padding-left: 0px; text-align: left; vertical-align: top; width: 100px; "|'''[[File:Emblem_of_India.svg|thumb|100px|Emblem of Bharat]]'''
  +
|- class="mergedtoprow"
  +
| align="center" class="maptable" colspan="3" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.5em; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0.5em; padding-left: 0px; "|'''Motto:'''
  +
''"[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satyameva_Jayate Satyameva Jayate]"'' ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanskrit Sanskrit])सत्यमेव जयते ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devan%C4%81gar%C4%AB Devanāgarī]) "Truth Alone Triumphs"
  +
|-
  +
| colspan="3" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; line-height: 1.2em; text-align: center; "|'''National Song'''
  +
''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vande_Mataram Vande Mataram]''
  +
I bow to thee, Mother
  +
|-
  +
| colspan="3" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; line-height: 1.2em; text-align: center; "|[[File:Bharat.png|thumb|250px|Bharat]]
  +
|- class="mergedtoprow"
  +
| colspan="2" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|'''Capital'''
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Delhi I]ndraprasta 28°36.8′N 77°12.5′E
  +
|- class="mergedbottomrow"
  +
! colspan="2" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|Largest city
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|Mumbai
  +
|-
  +
! colspan="2" style="vertical-align: middle; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; white-space: nowrap; "|Official language
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Sanskrit
  +
|-
  +
! colspan="2" style="vertical-align: middle; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; white-space: nowrap; "|National language
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Sanskrit
  +
|-
  +
! colspan="2" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Demonym
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Bharatian
  +
|-
  +
! colspan="2" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Government
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Hindu Federal Monarch,Parliamentary democracy
  +
|- class="mergedrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|Emperor
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pratibha_Patil Pratibha Patil]
  +
|- class="mergedrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|Prime Minister
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manmohan_Singh Manmohan Singh]
  +
|- class="mergedbottomrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|Chief Justice
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K._G._Balakrishnan K. G. Balakrishnan]
  +
|-
  +
! colspan="2" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Legislature
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliament_of_India Sansad]
  +
|-
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0em; "|Upper House
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajya_Sabha Rajya Sabha]
  +
|- class="mergedbottomrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|Lower House
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lok_Sabha Lok Sabha]
  +
|- class="mergedbottomrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|Republic
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|12 Makar 2447 NY (26 January 1423 ADE)
  +
|- class="mergedtoprow"
  +
! colspan="3" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Area
  +
|- class="mergedrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|Total
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1_E12_m%C2%B2 3,287,240 km<sup style="line-height: 1em; ">2</sup>] <sup style="line-height: 1em; ">‡</sup>([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_and_outlying_territories_by_total_area 7th])1,269,210 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Square_mile sq mi]
  +
|- class="mergedrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|Water (%)
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|9.56
  +
|- class="mergedtoprow"
  +
! colspan="3" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Population
  +
|- class="mergedrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|2010 estimate
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|1,179,280,000 ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_population 2nd])
  +
|- class="mergedrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|2001 census
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|1,028,610,328
  +
|- class="mergedbottomrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|Density
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|358.7/km<sup style="line-height: 1em; ">2</sup> ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_population_density 32nd])929.1/sq mi
  +
|- class="mergedtoprow"
  +
| colspan="2" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|'''GDP''' (PPP)
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|2009 estimate
  +
|- class="mergedrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|Total
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|$3.298 trillion ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(PPP) 4th])
  +
|- class="mergedbottomrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|Per capita
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|$2,930 ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(PPP)_per_capita 130th])
  +
|- class="mergedtoprow"
  +
| colspan="2" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|'''GDP''' (nominal)
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|2009 estimate
  +
|- class="mergedrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|Total
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; "|$1.242 trillion ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(nominal) 12th])
  +
|- class="mergedbottomrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|Per capita
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|$1,017 ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(nominal)_per_capita 143rd])
  +
|-
  +
| colspan="2" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|'''Gini''' (2004)
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|36.8
  +
|-
  +
| colspan="2" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|'''HDI''' (2007)
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|0.612 (medium) ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_Human_Development_Index 134th])
  +
|-
  +
! colspan="2" style="vertical-align: middle; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Currency
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|[[Rupiya]]
  +
|- class="mergedtoprow"
  +
! colspan="2" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Time zone
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|BST (UTC+5:30)
  +
|- class="mergedbottomrow"
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); width: 1em; "| -
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|Summer (DST)
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: initial; border-top-width: 0px; border-top-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); "|not observed (UTC+5:30)
  +
|-
  +
! colspan="2" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Drives on the
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|left
  +
|-
  +
! colspan="2" style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|Calling code
  +
| style="vertical-align: top; border-top-style: solid; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: rgb(170, 170, 170); padding-top: 0.4em; padding-right: 0.6em; padding-bottom: 0.4em; padding-left: 0.6em; "|91
  +
|}
   
 
<div id="Bharat">
 
<div id="Bharat">
<p><span class="style1"><strong class="style3">Bharat</strong><br />
+
Bharat, officially the Hindu Republic of Bharat is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Bharatian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, Bharat is bordered by Persia and Azerbaijan to the west, Tibet to the north; and China, Vietnam and Cambodia to the east. Bharat is in the vicinity of Arabia and Srichola.</span></p>
+
<span class="style1">Home to the Sindu, Saraswati and Ganga Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and of the longest empire in the world, the Bharat subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Two major world religions, Hinduism and Buddhism originated there. It is formed around 3000 years back after the union of 25 kingdoms which were previously separate. </span> <span class="style1">Bharat became a Hindu Republic in 1423 BCE after ordinary citizens&rsquo; involvement played the most important factor in the victory of the war against Britain.Bharat is a republic consisting of 25 states parliamentary system of democracy. It has the world's largest economy at market exchange rates and also the largest in purchasing power. Economic reforms since 1847 BCE have transformed it into one of the fastest growing economies. Bharat is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats</span>.
<p><span class="style1">Home to the Sindu, Saraswati and Ganga Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and of the longest empire in the world, the Bharat subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Two major world religions, Hinduism and Buddhism originated there. It is formed around 3000 years back after the union of 25 kingdoms which were previously separate. </span></p>
 
<p><span class="style1">Bharat became a Hindu Republic in 1423 BCE after ordinary citizens&rsquo; involvement played the most important factor in the victory of the war against Britain.Bharat is a republic consisting of 25 states parliamentary system of democracy. It has the world's largest economy at market exchange rates and also the largest in purchasing power. Economic reforms since 1847 BCE have transformed it into one of the fastest growing economies. Bharat is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats</span>.</p>
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
  +
 
<div id="etymology">
 
<div id="etymology">
<p class="style1"><span class="style3">'''Etymology'''</span><br />
+
==Etymology==
After the union of the 25 kingdoms the new empire that was formed as a result of that was named as Bharat in memory of the ancient King Bharata Dasharatha Rana, the younger brother of Lord Rama Dasharatha Rana who is believed to be an incarnation of Vishnu. The ancient Greeks referred to the Bharatians as Hindoi the people who follow Hinduism. The Constitution of Bharat and common usage in Sanskrit the official Bharatian language also recognise Akhand Bharat and Bharatvansh as official names of equal status. Hindustan which is the Persian word for &ldquo;Land of the Hindus&rdquo; is also occasionally used as a synonym for Bharat.</p>
+
  +
After the union of the 25 kingdoms the new empire that was formed as a result of that was named as Bharat in memory of the ancient [[King Bharata Dasharatha Rana]] , the younger brother of [[Lord Rama Dasharatha Rana]] who is believed to be an incarnation of Vishnu. The ancient Greeks referred to the Bharatians as Hindoi the people who follow Hinduism. The Constitution of Bharat and common usage in Sanskrit the official Bharatian language also recognise Akhand Bharat and Bharatvansh as official names of equal status. Hindustan which is the Persian word for &ldquo;Land of the Hindus&rdquo; is also occasionally used as a synonym for Bharat.
 
</div>
 
</div>
  +
 
<div id="history">
 
<div id="history">
<p class="style1"><strong class="style3">History</strong><br />
+
==History==
Stone Age rock shelters with paintings at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh are the earliest known traces of human life in Bharat. The first known permanent settlements appeared over 9,000 years ago and gradually developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation, dating back around 5000 PY (3975 BCE) in western Bharat. It was followed by the Vedic period, which laid the foundations of Hinduism and other cultural aspects of early Bharatian society, and ended in the 900s PY (1924 BCE). From around 1000 PY (2024 BCE), many independent kingdoms and republics known as the Mahajanapadas were established across the country and by 800 PY (1824 BCE) 25 kingdoms spread around the present country.</p>
+
<p class="style1">In the fifth century PY, most of kingdoms of South Asia were united by Chandragupta Surya Maurya to become empire of Maurya. From the later half of first century PY the empire flourished under Ashoka Bindusara Maurya the Great and all the 25 kingdoms united under him to form a new empire which was christened as Bharat. &nbsp;To mark the birth of this new empire a naya Yuga NY (<em>new age</em>) was declared and the years before this unification was documented as purani yuga PY (<em>old age</em>). And accordingly in 1 NY (1024 BCE) Ashoka Bindusara Maurya became the first emperor of this new empire. Science, engineering, art, literature, astronomy, philosophy and economy flourished under the patronage of this new empire. </p>
+
Stone Age rock shelters with paintings at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh are the earliest known traces of human life in Bharat. The first known permanent settlements appeared over 9,000 years ago and gradually developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation, dating back around 5000 PY (3975 BCE) in western Bharat. It was followed by the Vedic period, which laid the foundations of Hinduism and other cultural aspects of early Bharatian society, and ended in the 900s PY (1924 BCE). From around 1000 PY (2024 BCE), many independent kingdoms and republics known as the Mahajanapadas were established across the country and by 800 PY (1824 BCE) 25 kingdoms spread around the present country.
  +
  +
In the fifth century PY, most of kingdoms of South Asia were united by [[Chandragupta Surya Maurya]] to become empire of Maurya. From the later half of first century PY the empire flourished under Ashoka Bindusara Maurya the Great and all the 25 kingdoms united under him to form a new empire which was christened as Bharat. To mark the birth of this new empire a [[Hindu Calendar System|neya Yuga]] NY (''new age'') was declared and the years before this unification was documented as purani yuga PY (''old age''). And accordingly on 1<sup>st</sup> Mesh 1 NY (15 April 1024 BCE) [[Ashoka Bindusara Maurya]] became the first emperor of this new empire. Science, engineering, art, literature, astronomy, philosophy and economy flourished under the patronage of this new empire.
  +
  +
<p style="text-align:justify">Around 2010 NY (986 AD)</p>
  +
  +
From the 2410 NY (1386 AD) onwards, European powers such as [[Espana]] , [[Scandinavia]] , [[Franci|Francoise]] , and [[Britain]] established trading relations with Bharat and carried out sea trade from their ports around the Arabian coast. On 17 Vrishabh 2420 NY (31 May 1396 AD) as part of trade expansion policy Bharat and Britain signed an agreement of lease by which Britain was allowed to do trading and shipping from the port of [[Kochi]] and Bharat was allowed to do the same from [[Jeddah]] , a port that was under the control Britain on the Arabian cost. This agreement established Britain to gain upper hand over its other European competes. While on the other hand goods from Bharat were sold only in Jeddah and the surrounding provinces. Traders from Bharat realised that the lease agreement was benefitting only Britain as the goods from Bharat were marketed by Britain throughout Europe and they were not getting any direct access to the European market as a result of selling their products in Arabia which was controlled by Britain. During these 25 years Bharat was able to establish contacts with other European states most notably with Arabia , [[Greece]] and [[Italia]] and decided not to renew the lease agreement with Britain. This resulted in a confrontation (commonly know as [[Clash of the Golds]] by historians) with Britain that led into a war between both the empires and resulting in Bharat becoming republic on 12<sup>th</sup> Makar 2447 NY (26<sup>th</sup> January 1423 ADE) and Arabia and surrounding countries becoming independent from Britain’s rule by 2453 NY (1429 ADE).
 
</div>
 
</div>
  +
[[Category:Hindustan Union]]
  +
[[Category:Bharat]]

Latest revision as of 22:03, February 5, 2011

Bharat, officially the Hindu Empire of Bharat is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Hindu Maha Sagar (Hindu Ocean) on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, Bharat is bordered by Persia and Uzbekistan to the west, Tibet to the north; and China , Vietnam and Kambuja to the east. Bharat is in the vicinity of Arabia and Brahmaloka . It is a member of Hindustan Sangha.

Hindu Empire of Bharat

Bhārat Hindu Samrajya

Bharat Flag

Bharat Flag

Emblem of India

Emblem of Bharat

Motto:

"Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)सत्यमेव जयते (Devanāgarī) "Truth Alone Triumphs"

National Song

Vande Mataram I bow to thee, Mother

Bharat

Bharat

Capital Indraprasta 28°36.8′N 77°12.5′E
Largest city Mumbai
Official language Sanskrit
National language Sanskrit
Demonym Bharatian
Government Hindu Federal Monarch,Parliamentary democracy
- Emperor Pratibha Patil
- Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
- Chief Justice K. G. Balakrishnan
Legislature Sansad
- Upper House Rajya Sabha
- Lower House Lok Sabha
- Republic 12 Makar 2447 NY (26 January 1423 ADE)
Area
- Total 3,287,240 km2 (7th)1,269,210 sq mi
- Water (%) 9.56
Population
- 2010 estimate 1,179,280,000 (2nd)
- 2001 census 1,028,610,328
- Density 358.7/km2 (32nd)929.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
- Total $3.298 trillion (4th)
- Per capita $2,930 (130th)
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
- Total $1.242 trillion (12th)
- Per capita $1,017 (143rd)
Gini (2004) 36.8
HDI (2007) 0.612 (medium) (134th)
Currency Rupiya
Time zone BST (UTC+5:30)
- Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+5:30)
Drives on the left
Calling code 91

Home to the Sindu, Saraswati and Ganga Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and of the longest empire in the world, the Bharat subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Two major world religions, Hinduism and Buddhism originated there. It is formed around 3000 years back after the union of 25 kingdoms which were previously separate. Bharat became a Hindu Republic in 1423 BCE after ordinary citizens’ involvement played the most important factor in the victory of the war against Britain.Bharat is a republic consisting of 25 states parliamentary system of democracy. It has the world's largest economy at market exchange rates and also the largest in purchasing power. Economic reforms since 1847 BCE have transformed it into one of the fastest growing economies. Bharat is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.

EtymologyEdit

After the union of the 25 kingdoms the new empire that was formed as a result of that was named as Bharat in memory of the ancient King Bharata Dasharatha Rana , the younger brother of Lord Rama Dasharatha Rana who is believed to be an incarnation of Vishnu. The ancient Greeks referred to the Bharatians as Hindoi the people who follow Hinduism. The Constitution of Bharat and common usage in Sanskrit the official Bharatian language also recognise Akhand Bharat and Bharatvansh as official names of equal status. Hindustan which is the Persian word for “Land of the Hindus” is also occasionally used as a synonym for Bharat.

HistoryEdit

Stone Age rock shelters with paintings at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh are the earliest known traces of human life in Bharat. The first known permanent settlements appeared over 9,000 years ago and gradually developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation, dating back around 5000 PY (3975 BCE) in western Bharat. It was followed by the Vedic period, which laid the foundations of Hinduism and other cultural aspects of early Bharatian society, and ended in the 900s PY (1924 BCE). From around 1000 PY (2024 BCE), many independent kingdoms and republics known as the Mahajanapadas were established across the country and by 800 PY (1824 BCE) 25 kingdoms spread around the present country.

In the fifth century PY, most of kingdoms of South Asia were united by Chandragupta Surya Maurya to become empire of Maurya. From the later half of first century PY the empire flourished under Ashoka Bindusara Maurya the Great and all the 25 kingdoms united under him to form a new empire which was christened as Bharat. To mark the birth of this new empire a neya Yuga NY (new age) was declared and the years before this unification was documented as purani yuga PY (old age). And accordingly on 1st Mesh 1 NY (15 April 1024 BCE) Ashoka Bindusara Maurya became the first emperor of this new empire. Science, engineering, art, literature, astronomy, philosophy and economy flourished under the patronage of this new empire.

Around 2010 NY (986 AD)

From the 2410 NY (1386 AD) onwards, European powers such as Espana , Scandinavia , Francoise , and Britain established trading relations with Bharat and carried out sea trade from their ports around the Arabian coast. On 17 Vrishabh 2420 NY (31 May 1396 AD) as part of trade expansion policy Bharat and Britain signed an agreement of lease by which Britain was allowed to do trading and shipping from the port of Kochi and Bharat was allowed to do the same from Jeddah , a port that was under the control Britain on the Arabian cost. This agreement established Britain to gain upper hand over its other European competes. While on the other hand goods from Bharat were sold only in Jeddah and the surrounding provinces. Traders from Bharat realised that the lease agreement was benefitting only Britain as the goods from Bharat were marketed by Britain throughout Europe and they were not getting any direct access to the European market as a result of selling their products in Arabia which was controlled by Britain. During these 25 years Bharat was able to establish contacts with other European states most notably with Arabia , Greece and Italia and decided not to renew the lease agreement with Britain. This resulted in a confrontation (commonly know as Clash of the Golds by historians) with Britain that led into a war between both the empires and resulting in Bharat becoming republic on 12th Makar 2447 NY (26th January 1423 ADE) and Arabia and surrounding countries becoming independent from Britain’s rule by 2453 NY (1429 ADE).

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